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Ancient Knowledge & Archaeology

Daily Dose Of Ancient Knowledge & Archaeology


Inside a historic salt mine in Poland, there are underground lakes, churches with intricate carvings, and salt chandeliers.

This salt mine in Poland has captivated millions of visitors with its underground pools, carved chapel, and stunning chapel.

The Wieliczka Salt Mines are located in the neighborhood of Krakow, are on the UNESCO World Heritage List, and have been visited by 45 million tourists since their establishment in the 13th century.

The kitchen staple that sits on everyone’s kitchen counter is so simple that it borders on monotonous. And as I type this, I’m already thinking about salt more than I have all year.

However, the Wieliczka salt mine in Krakow, Poland demonstrates that salt may be a work of art unto itself. The mine was opened for the first time in the 13th century, and it is now on the First UNESCO World Heritage List.

For a purpose! The lowest point of the salt mine is -1072 feet, and it has underground lakes, 2,000 chambers, and chapels with gigantic chandeliers. And if that weren’t enough, everything is composed of salt. The mine is so surreal that it reminds me of a Tomb Raider level, not a location from which I season my meal.

Tourists visit The Saint Kinga’s Chapel in the Wieliczka Salt Mine.

The Wieliczka salt mine dates back to the Middle Ages, when it was referred to as Magnum Sal, or Great Salt. In the 13th century, it was the country’s greatest supplier of salt, which was essential to its economy. It is now one of the most popular tourist destinations in Poland.

Daily email called Aleksandra Sieradzka of the Wieliczka Salt Mine’s marketing and communications department to learn more about this stunning location.

Aleksandra informed us that the mine’s 2,000 chambers are all carved from salt. Even the floor of the corridors is made of salt.

There are two chapels of St. Kinga and St. Anthony that are totally formed of salt, including altars and saint statues sculpted by sculptor miners. Additionally, the chandeliers contain crystal salt, the purest form of salt.

Salt may appear brittle and delicate, but its hardness is comparable to that of gypsum. Aleksandra noted, “The processing of salt itself is not difficult; however, one must have extensive knowledge with this material in order to carve in salt effectively.”

Each block of salt is unique, not only in terms of size or hardness, but also in terms of color, which can be utilized in an innovative manner throughout the creative process.

Aleksandra verified that it is possible to stumble onto a party or two at the Mine, if you’re lucky. “That is correct, there are a few chambers where parties can be held. One large (Warsaw Chamber) and several smaller ballrooms. The Mine is renowned for its New Year’s Eve concerts held on the first weekend of January.”

Due to the fact that just 2% of the underground construction is exposed to tourists, we can only fathom its size. In the meantime, the salt mine tunnels form a labyrinth of up to 498 feet in length. There are a total of nine floors, the lowest of which is 1072 feet below ground.

However, Wieliczka is only the seventh largest salt mine in existence. The largest one in the world is located in Ontario, 1800 feet beneath Lake Huron.

Compass Minerals’ salt mine in Goderich is as deep as the CN Tower in Toronto. The second-largest salt mine is the Khewra Salt Mines in Pakistan, followed by the Prahova Salt Mine in Romania.

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